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Notarisation, Apostille, Authentication and Legalisation Flowchart

Notarisation, Apostille, Authentication and Legalisation in Australia
for documents used overseas

This information is correct as at 1 January 2022.

Which countries are members of the Apostille Convention?

Countries that are members of the Apostille Convention in alphabetical are as follows (updated 31 October 2023):

    • Albania

    • Andorra

    • Antigua and Barbuda

    • Argentina

    • Armenia

    • Australia

    • Austria

    • Azerbaijan

    • Bahamas

    • Bahrain

    • Barbados

    • Belarus

    • Belgium

    • Belize

    • Bolivia

    • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    • Botswana

    • Brazil

    • Brunei Darussalam

    • Bulgaria

    • Burundi

    • Cabo Verde

    • Canada (from 11 January 2024)

    • Chile

    • China, People's Republic of (from 7 November 2023)

    • Colombia

    • Cook Islands

    • Costa Rica

    • Croatia

    • Cyprus

    • Czech Republic

    • Denmark

    • Dominica

    • Dominican Republic

    • Ecuador

    • El Salvador

    • Estonia

    • Eswatini

    • Fiji

    • Finland

    • France

    • Georgia

    • Germany

    • Greece

    • Grenada

    • Guatemala

    • Guyana

    • Honduras

    • Hungary

    • Iceland

    • India

    • Indonesia

    • Ireland

    • Israel

    • Italy

    • Jamaica

    • Japan

    • Kazakhstan

    • Korea, Republic of

    • Kosovo

    • Kyrgyzstan

    • Latvia

    • Lesotho

    • Liberia

    • Liechtenstein

    • Lithuania

    • Luxembourg

    • Malawi

    • Malta

    • Marshall Islands

    • Mauritius

    • Mexico

    • Monaco

    • Mongolia

    • Montenegro

    • Morocco

    • Namibia

    • Netherlands

    • New Zealand

    • Nicaragua

    • Niue

    • Norway

    • Oman

    • Pakistan (from 9 Mar 2023)

    • Palau

    • Panama

    • Paraguay

    • Peru

    • Philippines

    • Poland

    • Portugal

    • Republic of Moldova

    • Republic of North Macedonia

    • Romania

    • Russian Federation

    • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    • Saint Lucia

    • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    • Samoa

    • San Marino

    • Sao Tome and Principe

    • Saudi Arabia (from 7 Dec 2022)

    • Senegal (from 23 Mar 2023)

    • Serbia

    • Seychelles

    • Singapore

    • Slovakia

    • Slovenia

    • South Africa

    • Spain

    • Suriname

    • Sweden

    • Switzerland

    • Tajikistan

    • Tonga

    • Trinidad and Tobago

    • Tunisia

    • Turkey

    • Ukraine

    • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    • United States of America

    • Uruguay

    • Uzbekistan

    • Vanuatu

    • Venezuela

    • Albania

    • Andorra

    • Antigua and Barbuda

    • Argentina

    • Armenia

    • Australia

    • Austria

    • Azerbaijan

    • Bahamas

    • Bahrain

    • Barbados

    • Belarus

    • Belgium

    • Belize

    • Bolivia

    • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    • Botswana

    • Brazil

    • Brunei Darussalam

    • Bulgaria

    • Burundi

    • Cabo Verde

    • Canada (from 11 January 2024)

    • Chile

    • China, People's Republic of

    • Colombia

    • Cook Islands

    • Costa Rica

    • Croatia

    • Cyprus

    • Czech Republic

    • Denmark

    • Dominica

    • Dominican Republic

    • Ecuador

    • El Salvador

    • Estonia

    • Eswatini

    • Fiji

    • Finland

    • France

    • Georgia

    • Germany

    • Greece

    • Grenada

    • Guatemala

    • Guyana

    • Honduras

    • Hungary

    • Iceland

    • India

    • Indonesia

    • Ireland

    • Israel

    • Italy

    • Jamaica

    • Japan

    • Kazakhstan

    • Korea, Republic of

    • Kosovo

    • Kyrgyzstan

    • Latvia

    • Lesotho

    • Liberia

    • Liechtenstein

    • Lithuania

    • Luxembourg

    • Malawi

    • Malta

    • Marshall Islands

    • Mauritius

    • Mexico

    • Moldova, Republic of

    • Monaco

    • Mongolia

    • Montenegro

    • Morocco

    • Namibia

    • Netherlands

    • New Zealand

    • Nicaragua

    • Niue

    • North Macedonia, Republic of

    • Norway

    • Oman

    • Pakistan (from 9 Mar 2023)

    • Palau

    • Panama

    • Paraguay

    • Peru

    • Philippines

    • Poland

    • Portugal

    • No countries as at 1 August 2023

    • Republic of Moldova

    • Republic of North Macedonia

    • Romania

    • Russian Federation

    • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    • Saint Lucia

    • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    • Samoa

    • San Marino

    • Sao Tome and Principe

    • Saudi Arabia (from 7 Dec 2022)

    • Senegal (from 23 Mar 2023)

    • Serbia

    • Seychelles

    • Singapore

    • Slovakia

    • Slovenia

    • South Africa

    • Spain

    • Suriname

    • Sweden

    • Switzerland

    • Tajikistan

    • Tonga

    • Trinidad and Tobago

    • Tunisia

    • Turkey

  • Ukraine

  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

  • United States of America

  • Uruguay

  • Uzbekistan

    • Vanuatu

    • Venezuela

    • No countries as at 1 August 2023

    • No countries as at 1 August 2023

    • No countries as at 1 August 2023

    • No countries as at 1 August 2023

    Australian notary public services for public documents and private documents

    If your documents are public documents (ie, original government documents such as birth certificates, marriage certificates, death certificates etc), then those documents can be stamped with an apostille or authenticated without notarisation. Otherwise, if you want to retain your original public document and you only want to send a certified copy to the intended destination country, then the certified copy of that public document must also be notarised by a notary public before it can be stamped with an apostille or authenticated for legalisation purposes.

    If your documents are private documents (ie, non-government documents such as medical reports, education documents or qualifications, business or commercial documents etc), then those documents must be notarised by a notary public before they can be stamped with an apostille or authenticated. In some cases, we must also verify the authenticity of the document with whoever issued it before we can notarise that document. For example, education documents or qualifications must be verified with the relevant school, college or university before they can be notarised and before DFAT will accept them for the purpose of stamping them with an apostille or authenticated for legalisation purposes.

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    Do you have any questions?

    Sending documents from Australia to other countries can be complicated. We make it simple.

    If your documents must be stamped with an apostille or authenticated and then legalised, we can help with that too. We’ve also created a flowchart to explain the process.

    Not sure what you need? Contact us or visit our Frequently Asked Questions for more information.

    So, what’s next?

    Visit our Notary Fees page for a free quote for our notary public services. Otherwise, call us on +61 2 9687 8885 to speak with our friendly team about your requirements.

    Why choose Phang Legal for your notary public services?

    We’re a leading provider of notary public services in Sydney. We’re known for:

    • Our experience and expertise in notarising documents for other countries;
    • Our low-cost fixed fees and service offerings; and
    • Our availability to help on short notice.

    Our office is conveniently located in Parramatta, the geographic centre of the Sydney metropolitan area. We help clients from across Sydney and beyond with personal, professional and timely notary public services.

    Ern Phang
    Ern Phang
    Notary Public

    This website is maintained by Phang Legal, a boutique law firm in Parramatta and a leading provider of quality notary public services to satisfied clients across Sydney and beyond.

    Ern Phang is a director of Phang Legal and a notary public (since 2005). Ern regularly writes about his experiences as a notary public and the issues faced by his clients in sending documents to countries all over the world.

    All information on this website is for general purposes only and correct at the time of publication. Only rely on information and advice that is specific to your situation and current at the time you wish to rely on it.
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